The American Civil War lasted from 1861-1865 and is considered by a majority of historians has the most devastating war in American History. This sectional conflict between the north and the south lasted roughly five years and resulted in the death of close to 600, 000 Americans. Not counted in the 600,000, were men and women who lost limbs, loved ones and were never quite the same after this destructive war between the Union and the Confederacy. The war eventually concluded with the signing of the surrender agreement at Appomattox Court House, Virginia in 1865. But those Americans did not die in vain because after the war United States of America started living up to the ideals stressed in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Congress and enough states passed the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments guaranteeing greater freedom and equality for African Americans and Americans in general.
Sunday, January 5, 2014
The early to mid 1800s (1836-1856) marked a time of significant change in the United States of America. The country was greatly expanding towards the west and many push and pull reasons were driving this movement westward. The historical time period later labeled antebellum by historians (before the war/Civil War) was a segment in American History where the country was on a collusion course towards disunion and the evils of slavery would finally be dealt with.
This time period is marked with violence, rebellions, innovations, compromises, religious awakenings and the two main geographical regions of America moving farther away from each other. The North and the South had many differences in this time period and as time progressed those differences became increasingly harder to reconcile.
The North increasingly moved away from slave labor and focused more on industry and agriculture without the use of slave labor. In the 1800s a flood of European immigrants provided that source of cheap labor in the industrial North. Also with the building of factories, people moved from the country and allowed the growth of major cities in the North to become a reality. The major factories took cotton and turned that cash crop into cloth for the rest of the country and world to use for clothing.
The South relied on slave labor and cultivated crops like cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, rice and indigo for the dying of clothing. To produce these intense labor crops, southerners turned and profited towards slave labor. Because of this economic choice, the region of the South became more and more one dimensional in terms of making money and producing goods and services. Because of this economic choice, most Southern government did not build many public roads, railroads and basic infrastructure improvements.
Students welcome to the Antebellum historical period in America!
Posted by Mr. Giblin at 11:16 AM